گروه آموزشی زبان انگلیسی خط سفید گیلان
ارائه محصولات گروه آموزشی خط سفید ـ ارائه مقالات علمی و نمونه سوالات امتحانی

Prospect 1
Lessons 1-4
Speaking Test Sample
Part 1 (10 Points)
Direction: Ask your students the following questions.
1. What’s your first name? (1 Point)
2. What’s your last name? (1 Point)
3. How old are you? (1 Point)
4. When’s your birthday? (1 Point)
5. Talk about a member of your family. Include:
 His/Her Full Name and Relationship (2 Points)
Expected Answer: My (father) is (Reza Bahrami).
 His/Her Age (2 Points)
 His/Her Job (2 Points)
Part 2 (10 Points)
Role Play
Direction: Invite two students each time. Give each of them a card like the following. Ask them to greet and get to know each other using the information on their cards.
First Name: Mina
Last Name: Nabati
Age: 18
Month of Birth: Aban
Job: Student
First Name: Nasim
Last Name: Matin
Age: 29
Month of Birth: Bahman
Job: Housewife

+ نوشته شده در  دوشنبه بیست و پنجم آذر 1392ساعت 21:1  توسط کامران تیموری  | 

Prospect 1
Lessons 1-4
Listening Test sample
(9 Points)
Direction: A school secretary is talking to a student. He is completing part of a school form for the student. Listen to the conversation between them and write down the information.
Conversation Script:
Student: Good morning, Mr. Ahmadi
School Secretary: Hi. How are you?
Student: Fine, thanks.
School Secretary: I am completing a form for you. What’s your name?
Student: Babak Samsami.
School Secretary: Sorry, how do you spell your last name?
Student: It’s S-A-M-S-A-M-I.
School Secretary: Thanks. And how old are you:
Student: I’m 15.
School Secretary: What’s your month of birth?
Student: Aban.
School Secretary: What’s your father’s name?
Student: Ata
School Secretary: And what’s his job?
Student: He’s a dentist.
School Secretary: What’s your mother’s name?
Student: Sima.
School Secretary: And what’s her job?
Student: She is a housewife.
First Name: ………………………………
Last Name: ………………………………...
Age: ……………… Month of Birth: …………………
Father’s Name: ……………………… Father’s job: ………………. Mother’s Name: …………………. Mother’s job: ……………….. Phone Number: ………………….

+ نوشته شده در  دوشنبه بیست و پنجم آذر 1392ساعت 20:59  توسط کامران تیموری  | 

Listening Skills

Listening is the ability to accurately receive messages in the communication process. 

Listening is key to all effective communication, without the ability to listen effectively messages are easily misunderstood – communication breaks down and the sender of the message can easily become frustrated or irritated.

Listening is so important that many top employers give regular listening skills training for their employees.  This is not surprising when you consider that good listening skills can lead to: better customer satisfaction, greater productivity with fewer mistakes, increased sharing of information that in turn can lead to more creative and innovative work.

Many successful leaders and entrepreneurs credit their success to effective listening skills. Richard Branson frequently quotes listening as one of the main factors behind the success of Virgin. Effective listening is a skill that underpins all positive human relationships, spend some time thinking about and developing your listening skills – they are the building blocks of success.

See our pages: Employability Skills and Customer Service Skills for more examples of the importance of listening.

Good listening skills also have benefits in our personal lives, including:

A greater number of friends and social networks, improved self-esteem and confidence, higher grades at school and in academic work and even better health and general well-being. Studies have shown that, whereas speaking raises blood pressure, listening brings it down.

Listening is Not the Same as Hearing

Hearing refers to the sounds that you hear, whereas listening requires more than that: it requires focus.  Listening means paying attention not only to the story, but how it is told, the use of language and voice, and how the other person uses his or her body.  In other words, it means being aware of both verbal and non-verbal messages.  Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages. (See our page: Listening Misconceptions for more information).

The most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen.  Just listen.  Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention.
Rachel Naomi Remen

We Spend a lot of Time Listening

Adults spend an average of 70% of their time engaged in some sort of communication, of this an average of 45% is spent listening compared to 30% speaking, 16% reading and 9% writing. (Adler, R. et al. 2001).

Time Spent Communicating
A 'pie in pie' chart to show the significance of listening.
skillsyouneed.com (c)2012
Based on the research of: Adler, R., Rosenfeld, L. and Proctor, R. (2001)
Interplay: the process of interpersonal communicating (8th edn), Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt.

Effective listening requires concentration and the use of your other senses - not just hearing the words spoken. 

Listening is not the same as hearing and in order to listen effectively you need to use more than just your ears.

The 10 Principles of Listening

A good listener will listen not only to what is being said, but also to what is left unsaid or only partially said.

Effective listening involves observing body language and noticing inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal messages.

For example, if someone tells you that they are happy with their life but through gritted teeth or with tears filling their eyes, you should consider that the verbal and non-verbal messages are in conflict, they maybe don't mean what they say.

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رویکرد ارتباطی

دانش آموزان  ممکن است قواعد کاربرد زبان را بدانند اما قادر به استفاده از زبان نباشند .وقتی که ارتباط برقرار می کنیم زبان را برای ایفای چند منظور مانند گفتگو ،تشویق و ترغیب یا قول دادن بکار می بریم . بعلاوه این منظور ها را در محتوایی اجتماعی ایفا می کنیم .گوینده برای بیان گفته خود شیوه خاصی را نه تنها بر اساس مقصود و سطح احساسات خود بلکه بر پایه مخاطب و نوع ارتباط با وی انتخاب میکند . برای مثال او ممکن است با دوست خود نسبت به کار فرمایش صریح تر باشد.

آنها باید قادر باشند تا دانسته های خود را در گفتگوی معنا دار بکار گیرند از طریق تعامل بین گوینده و شنونده است که معنا روشن می شود شنونده به گوینده باز خوردی می دهد که گفته های او را فهمیده است یا خیر .بدین ترتیب گوینده می تواند در آنچه که گفته تجدید نظر کند و چنانچه لازم باشد با معنای مورد نظز خود بار دیگر ارتباط برقرار نماید.

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