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"Top 5 Mistakes English Learners Make"

What are the most common mistakes that English learners make? Which mistakes do most English learners need to correct, in order to learn English much faster?

Here are the top 5 English Learning Mistakes:

1. Focusing On Grammar

This is the biggest, most common, and worst mistake. Research shows that grammar study, in fact, actually hurts English speaking ability. Why? Because English grammar is simply too complex to memorize and use logically.... and real conversation is much too fast.

You don't have enough time to think, remember hundreds or thousands of grammar rules, choose the correct one, then use it.

Your logical left-brain cannot do it. You must learn grammar intuitively and unconsciously, like a child. You do this by hearing a lot of correct English grammar- and your brain gradually and automatically learns to use English grammar correctly.

http://learnrealenglish.com/acc-site/

2. Forcing Speech

Both English students and teachers try to force speech before the learner is ready. The result is that most students speak English very slowly- with no confidence and no fluency. Forcing speech is a huge mistake. Don't force speech. Focus on listening and be patient. Speak only when you are ready to speak- when it happens easily and naturally. Until then, never force it.

3. Learning Only Formal Textbook English

Unfortunately, most English students learn only the formal English found in textbooks and schools. The problem is- native speakers don't use that kind of English in most situations.

When speaking to friends, family, or co-workers, native speakers use casual English that is full of idioms, phrasal verbs, and slang. To communicate with native speakers, you must not rely only on textbooks.. you must learn casual English.

4. Trying To Be Perfect

Students and teachers often focus on mistakes. They worry about mistakes. They correct mistakes. They feel nervous about mistakes. They try to speak perfectly. No one, however, is perfect. Native speakers make mistakes all the time. You will too. Instead of focusing on the negative- focus on communication.

Your goal is not to speak "perfectly", your goal is to communicate ideas, information, and feelings in a clear and understandable way. Focus on communication, focus on the positive. You will automatically improve your mistakes in time

5. Relying On English Schools

Most English learners rely totally on schools. They think the teacher and the school are responsible for their success. This is never true. You, the English learner, are always responsible. A good teacher can help, but ultimately you must be responsible for your own learning.

You must find lessons and material that are effective. You must listen and read every day. You must manage your emotions and remain motivated and energetic. You must be positive and optimistic. No teacher can make you learn. Only you can do it!

While these mistakes are very common, the good news is that you can correct them. When you stop making these mistakes, you change the way you learn English. You learn faster. Your speaking improves. You enjoy learning English.

Good luck... you can do it!

 

+ نوشته شده در  شنبه دهم خرداد 1393ساعت 1:54  توسط کامران تیموری  | 


Prospect 1
Lessons 1-4
Speaking Test Sample
Part 1 (10 Points)
Direction: Ask your students the following questions.
1. What’s your first name? (1 Point)
2. What’s your last name? (1 Point)
3. How old are you? (1 Point)
4. When’s your birthday? (1 Point)
5. Talk about a member of your family. Include:
 His/Her Full Name and Relationship (2 Points)
Expected Answer: My (father) is (Reza Bahrami).
 His/Her Age (2 Points)
 His/Her Job (2 Points)
Part 2 (10 Points)
Role Play
Direction: Invite two students each time. Give each of them a card like the following. Ask them to greet and get to know each other using the information on their cards.
STUDENT A
First Name: Mina
Last Name: Nabati
Age: 18
Month of Birth: Aban
Job: Student
STUDENT B
First Name: Nasim
Last Name: Matin
Age: 29
Month of Birth: Bahman
Job: Housewife

+ نوشته شده در  دوشنبه بیست و پنجم آذر 1392ساعت 21:1  توسط کامران تیموری  | 

Prospect 1
Lessons 1-4
Listening Test sample
(9 Points)
Direction: A school secretary is talking to a student. He is completing part of a school form for the student. Listen to the conversation between them and write down the information.
Conversation Script:
Student: Good morning, Mr. Ahmadi
School Secretary: Hi. How are you?
Student: Fine, thanks.
School Secretary: I am completing a form for you. What’s your name?
Student: Babak Samsami.
School Secretary: Sorry, how do you spell your last name?
Student: It’s S-A-M-S-A-M-I.
School Secretary: Thanks. And how old are you:
Student: I’m 15.
School Secretary: What’s your month of birth?
Student: Aban.
School Secretary: What’s your father’s name?
Student: Ata
School Secretary: And what’s his job?
Student: He’s a dentist.
School Secretary: What’s your mother’s name?
Student: Sima.
School Secretary: And what’s her job?
Student: She is a housewife.
SCHOOL FORM
First Name: ………………………………
Last Name: ………………………………...
Age: ……………… Month of Birth: …………………
Father’s Name: ……………………… Father’s job: ………………. Mother’s Name: …………………. Mother’s job: ……………….. Phone Number: ………………….

+ نوشته شده در  دوشنبه بیست و پنجم آذر 1392ساعت 20:59  توسط کامران تیموری  | 


Listening Skills

Listening is the ability to accurately receive messages in the communication process. 

Listening is key to all effective communication, without the ability to listen effectively messages are easily misunderstood – communication breaks down and the sender of the message can easily become frustrated or irritated.

Listening is so important that many top employers give regular listening skills training for their employees.  This is not surprising when you consider that good listening skills can lead to: better customer satisfaction, greater productivity with fewer mistakes, increased sharing of information that in turn can lead to more creative and innovative work.

Many successful leaders and entrepreneurs credit their success to effective listening skills. Richard Branson frequently quotes listening as one of the main factors behind the success of Virgin. Effective listening is a skill that underpins all positive human relationships, spend some time thinking about and developing your listening skills – they are the building blocks of success.

See our pages: Employability Skills and Customer Service Skills for more examples of the importance of listening.


Good listening skills also have benefits in our personal lives, including:

A greater number of friends and social networks, improved self-esteem and confidence, higher grades at school and in academic work and even better health and general well-being. Studies have shown that, whereas speaking raises blood pressure, listening brings it down.

Listening is Not the Same as Hearing

Hearing refers to the sounds that you hear, whereas listening requires more than that: it requires focus.  Listening means paying attention not only to the story, but how it is told, the use of language and voice, and how the other person uses his or her body.  In other words, it means being aware of both verbal and non-verbal messages.  Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages. (See our page: Listening Misconceptions for more information).

The most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen.  Just listen.  Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention.
Rachel Naomi Remen

We Spend a lot of Time Listening

Adults spend an average of 70% of their time engaged in some sort of communication, of this an average of 45% is spent listening compared to 30% speaking, 16% reading and 9% writing. (Adler, R. et al. 2001).


Time Spent Communicating
A 'pie in pie' chart to show the significance of listening.
skillsyouneed.com (c)2012
Based on the research of: Adler, R., Rosenfeld, L. and Proctor, R. (2001)
Interplay: the process of interpersonal communicating (8th edn), Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt.

Effective listening requires concentration and the use of your other senses - not just hearing the words spoken. 


Listening is not the same as hearing and in order to listen effectively you need to use more than just your ears.


The 10 Principles of Listening

A good listener will listen not only to what is being said, but also to what is left unsaid or only partially said.

Effective listening involves observing body language and noticing inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal messages.

For example, if someone tells you that they are happy with their life but through gritted teeth or with tears filling their eyes, you should consider that the verbal and non-verbal messages are in conflict, they maybe don't mean what they say.

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رویکرد ارتباطی

دانش آموزان  ممکن است قواعد کاربرد زبان را بدانند اما قادر به استفاده از زبان نباشند .وقتی که ارتباط برقرار می کنیم زبان را برای ایفای چند منظور مانند گفتگو ،تشویق و ترغیب یا قول دادن بکار می بریم . بعلاوه این منظور ها را در محتوایی اجتماعی ایفا می کنیم .گوینده برای بیان گفته خود شیوه خاصی را نه تنها بر اساس مقصود و سطح احساسات خود بلکه بر پایه مخاطب و نوع ارتباط با وی انتخاب میکند . برای مثال او ممکن است با دوست خود نسبت به کار فرمایش صریح تر باشد.

آنها باید قادر باشند تا دانسته های خود را در گفتگوی معنا دار بکار گیرند از طریق تعامل بین گوینده و شنونده است که معنا روشن می شود شنونده به گوینده باز خوردی می دهد که گفته های او را فهمیده است یا خیر .بدین ترتیب گوینده می تواند در آنچه که گفته تجدید نظر کند و چنانچه لازم باشد با معنای مورد نظز خود بار دیگر ارتباط برقرار نماید.


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